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The Pyramidal Electric Transducer:
A DC to RF Converter for the Capture of
Atmospheric Electrostatic Energy
Peter Grandics*

Abstract
We have found that the dimensional ratios of the Great
Pyramid of Giza (GPG) express the key ratios of an AC voltage sine wave as well as ratios of the Fibonacci number. As
pyramidal horn antennas are suitable for the detection of
short-pulse waveforms, we reasoned that the shape of GPG
could embody a time domain, wideband antenna for atmospheric electrostatic discharge (ESD) impulses. This hypothesis has subsequently been confirmed. We have further found
that the pyramidal antenna, modeled on the GPG, can couple into the atmosphere and transfer the power of ESD
impulses into a novel lumped-element resonant circuit that
converts the random impulses into regular series of exponentially decaying sinusoidal wave trains. Thus, ESD impulses can be transformed into an alternating current of predictable frequency. This system could become a source of
renewable electric power by utilizing the electrical activity of
the atmosphere.

Introduction
Atmospheric electricity manifests as a buildup of electrostatic energy, a phenomenon that continuously electrifies our
environment.1 In the global atmospheric-electrical circuit,
the Earth's surface is negatively charged while the atmosphere is positively charged.2 The voltage gradient between
the Earth's surface and the ionosphere is believed to be
maintained by the electrical activity of the troposphere as
well as the solar wind-coupled magnetospheric dynamo.3
It is difficult to estimate the electric power of thunderstorms, as they typically maintain a steady-state electrical
structure during their lifespan4 despite charge losses from
lightning, corona discharges, precipitation, and turbulence.
Even with this gap in our understanding of thunderstorm
electrification processes, a rough estimate of the magnitude
of power generated by thunderstorms can be derived as follows: Thunderstorms can be traced by monitoring lightning
activity, more than 90% of which occurs over landmasses,
primarily in Central Africa, the South Central United States,
and the Amazon Basin.5 A medium-sized thunderstorm
(about 200 km diameter) with intra-cloud voltages of about
100 MV6 and a precipitation current of about 20 nA/m2 can
generate7,8 at least 6.28x1010 W. Assuming 2,300 active
thunderstorms at any given moment,9 the estimated average
total power output of thunderstorm activity is approximately 1.44x1014 W. A hurricane's power generation is estimated

at about 1014 W;10 in comparison, the total power generation capacity of the world is only 3.625x10 12 W,11 a fraction
of the power generated in the troposphere by thunderstorm
activity. This suggests that the density of atmospheric electrical activity may be high enough to tap, and indicates that
atmospheric electricity, if harnessed, could meet all the energy needs of mankind.
Atmospheric electrostatic discharge (ESD) impulses are
random and of short duration (nanosecond range) as well as
of wide frequency of occurrence. Antennas capable of handling similar short-pulse waveforms can be found in radar
systems, where they are called the pyramidal horn antennas.
Intriguingly, popular scientific literature describes inexplicable electromagnetic phenomena under scaled-down replicas of the Great Pyramid of Giza.12 These phenomena
showed a variability that made its interpretation difficult.
We hypothesized that these findings were possibly due to
natural fluctuations in the atmospheric electrostatic field
detected by the GPG as a time domain, wideband antenna.
Therefore, we have investigated whether an antenna modeled on the GPG would capture ESD impulses and if these
random impulses could subsequently be converted into an
AC voltage sine waveform of predictable frequency. This
would allow a direct conversion of the potential energy of an
electrostatic field into an alternating current, making atmospheric electrostatic charges a possible source of commercial
power generation.

Methods and Results
Previously, we reported that a charged pyramidal-shaped
capacitor converts ESD impulses into a high-frequency signal that can be detected in an insulated coil placed in proximity of the capacitor plate.13 Such structure is similar to a
transverse electromagnetic antenna (TEM)14 as well as the
pyramidal horn antenna suitable for the detection of
impulse events of short duration.
Here, we report on further developments with this system15 including tracing energy transfer across system components. A laboratory van der Graaf generator (VDG) was
used to generate an atmospheric electrostatic field, and
Tektronix TPS2024 as well as TDS3054 digital oscilloscopes
were used for signal acquisition and analysis. Swept signal
analyses were performed by using Wavetek 185 and 187 signal generators.
We first analyzed the dimensional ratios of the GPG and

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1

found that it incorporates key ratios of an AC voltage sine
waveform as well as three Fibonacci number ratios (Table 1).
We note that the pyramidal unit cell constants are a function of ? and o. Key sine wave parameters are resonant with
the base length and height of the GPG, suggesting that the
pyramid may scale up volumetrically as an antenna/electric
transducer. The Fibonacci number appears in association
with side dimensions (shape factor). The mathematical relationship between ? and o may indicate a coupling between
geometrical form and electrical properties. As our pyramidal
electric transducer modeled on the GPG may function as a
time domain, wideband antenna, it is possible that the ratios
displayed in the GPG are sufficient for the design of these
types of antennas. Therefore, the GPG may demonstrate a
"universal" antenna design.
To investigate this possibility, a logarithmic sweep was
performed on a 1 foot base length pyramid from 500 Hz to
5 MHz at 10 msec sweep speed by using a Wavetek 185 signal generator (Figure 1). The pyramid was placed inside a
cylindrical metallic emitter (52 cm diameter, 26 cm high
with 0.3 mm wall thickness) to account for the fact that
atmospheric ESD impulses are received omni-directionally.
Experimental setup:
The 50? output of the signal generator is connected to the
cylindrical emitter.
Channel 1 is the signal measurement (pyramid).
Channel 4 is the sweep signal control voltage (ramp waveform of 10ms period).
The oscilloscope trace shows a wide bandwidth response
demonstrating that the 1 foot base length pyramid indeed
functions as a wideband antenna.
For the power transmission studies, we used the same
pyramidal antenna/charge accumulation element modeled
on the GPG.13 The electrostatic field in air produces ESD
impulses on the conductive pyramid's external surface. A
coil wound with insulated wire on a conductive cylindrical
substrate (coilform) is attached electrically and mechanically to the conducting surface of the pyramid near its apex.
The coil is connected in parallel with an external capacitor
to provide a specific resonant frequency.
A secondary coil of smaller diameter (coil 2) of a greater
length and larger number of turns is positioned coaxially
within the first coil and serves as a resonant step-up transformer winding inductively coupled with coil 1 (Figure 2).

Figure 1. The spectral response of the 1 foot base length
pyramidal antenna.

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Table 1. The summary of the main mean dimensions of the Great Pyramid
of Giza16 and an analysis of its ratios.
Dimension
L (base)
height
slope
edge
D (base diagonal)

meter
230.35
146.71
186.52
219.21
325.76

royal cubit
440
280
356
418
622.25

GPG dimensional ratios
280/440=0.6363=2/?
440/622.25=0.707
280x622.25/440x440=0.9
280/D/2=0.9

Key sine wave ratios
AVE/PEAK=0.6363=2/?
RMS/PEAK=0.707
AVE/RMS=0.9
AVE/RMS=0.9

Fibonacci number ratios in GPG
356/L/2=1.618
356/418=0.80905
356/280=1.271

o
o/2
?o

?/4=1/?o

After charging the pyramid capacitor, the signal measured
on coil 2 leads is an exponentially damped sinusoidal waveform at regular periodic intervals (Figure 3).
The pyramidal electric transducer is capable of absorbing
ESD impulses from an electrostatic field generated by a laboratory VDG (Figure 4). Periodic discharge events were detected at a distance of 1 m between the pyramid and the VDG.
The electrostatic field strength was measured by using a
Monroe 244 electrostatic voltmeter and found to be about 3
kV/m, much less than the field strength observed during
thunderstorms at ground level (10 kV/m or more).17
A load may be connected to coil 2 to draw power from the
system. The load may be a resistor, a rectifier or storage

Figure 2. Placement of coils inside the pyramidal charge collector with resonance capacitor.

Figure 3. The pyramid coil 2 signal measured by oscilloscope.

capacitor powering a DC load, or simply a fluorescent tube serving
as an AC load with threshold nonlinearity (Figure 5).
The circuit diagram of the pyramidal electric transducer is shown
in Figure 5. The pyramidal charge accumulation element (P), placed
on an insulating base, couples to the atmosphere and serves as an
antenna for ESD impulses. It also forms a capacitor with the Earth
ground.
The pyramid's body is attached electrically and mechanically to
a lumped-element resonant circuit (LEC) that converts ESD impulses into an RF signal (Figures 3 and 6). The LEC, a combination of
three capacitive elements and one inductive element (Figure 6), is
capable of charging as well as periodic resonant discharging. The L2
secondary coil (coil 2) wound on a nonconductive coilform serves
as a step-up transformer and forms a resonant circuit with the C2
capacitance. The secondary coil output can be connected to a rectifier-capacitor-load resistance.
The energy transfer between the LEC and coil 2 was studied, as
shown in Figure 6. The coils were activated with a logarithmic
sweep from 50 kHz to 50 MHz at 100 millisecond sweep speed. The
scope trace (Figure 7) indicates approximately 1 octave per horizontal division, from left (50 kHz) to right (50 MHz). The signal, a
sine wave with 5 V peak amplitude, is delivered across a 1 kilo-ohm
resistor to the unit under test.
Experimental setup:
Channel 1 is the signal measurement (coil 1).
Channel 2 is a second probe (100 Mohm, 10x) attached to coil 2
output wires.
Channel 3 is the sweep frequency marker of the Wavetek 178 signal
generator.
Channel 4 is the sweep signal control voltage (ramp waveform of
100 ms period).

Figure 4. Pulse train of discharge events.

Figure 5. The pyramidal electric transducer circuit model.

With a resonance capacitor (290 pF) across coil 1, the resonance
of the coil 2 second peak is detected at about 9.5 MHz. The peak
voltage across coil 1 also appears at about at this frequency (Figure
8). By optimally tuning coil 1 peak and coil 2 second peak together, the output can be optimized, i.e. maximum power transferred to
coil 2 from the sweep generator.
We carried out differential measurements to investigate the energy transfer from coil 1 to coil 2 with the pyramid attached to the
coilform and the signal generator output connected to the pyramid.
Probe 1 is connected to one side of coil 2 and probe 2 is connected
to the other. The probe 2 signal is subtracted from the probe 1 signal to reveal what is happening across coil 2; the middle trace is the
difference between the sides of coil 2 (Figure 9).
An energy transfer from coil 1 to coil 2 was shown in the spectral
response of the middle trace. It reveals a first resonance at about
6.55 MHz, then zero, then a cascade of other resonances up to about
25 MHz.
Subsequently, we coupled one output lead of coil 1 to the coilform and thus to the pyramid body to make it resonant with coil 1.
The differential signal is
higher,
indicating
enhanced energy transfer
(Figure 10). We have also
investigated whether the
geometry of and coil
winding on the conductive coilform has an
effect in the spectral
response seen in coil 2
Figure 6. The lumped-element resonant circuit model.

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output (Figure 8). For this, a new coilform was made that covered over two-thirds of coil 2 in length, with a 1.3 mm thick,
dielectric-filled space left between the coilform and coil 1. Repeating the swept signal analysis of Figure 8, we see that coil 2
draws power from coil 1 at a frequency of about 4.8 MHz; some absorption at a lower frequency peak is also seen (Figure 11).
The modified geometry and the extra spacing between the coil 1 winding and coilform may have allowed a higher Q and
less coupling to coilform.
Subsequently, we developed another conductive coilform that completely enclosed coil 2. A Teflon heat-shrink sleeve 0.4
mm thick was placed over the entire length of the coilform. An acrylic tube was then placed over the coilform (3.1 mm wall
thickness) and held in place with tabs leaving a 1 mm wide air-gap. Coil 1 was wound on the acrylic tube (27 turns) using
20 AWG enamel-coated magnet wire. Repeating the swept signal analysis of Figure 8 produced very high Q peaks from both
coils that were well tuned together (Figure 12).
We subsequently set a signal generator (Wavetek 185) producing asymmetrically square-shaped waves (5V) to measure
power transfer across the system. Channel 1 showed damped sinusoidal
pulse trains starting about 1 V p-p. Channel 2 showed damped sinusoids about 10 V p-p (Figure 13). To measure power into the pyramid, a
10? resistor was placed in series with the waveform generator. Voltages
were measured at channel 3 (input drive from generator) and channel
4 (after the 10? resistor). The math function of the scope was used to
subtract channel 4 from channel 3 (Figure 14).
To calculate power into the pyramid, voltage across the 10? resistor
was multiplied by current through the same resistor (calculated from
voltage and resistance). To calculate the power out of coil 2, the voltage
across coil 2 was multiplied by the current through the 100k? load
resistor (calculable from voltage). Power transfer efficiency calculations
are shown in Table 2.
We have also repeated this experiment by driving the pyramidal electric transducer with the VDG connected in series with a 10? resistor.
The power across the system was calculated as above (Table 3). Further
optimization is needed in order to increase system efficiency.
Electromagnetic modeling of the power transfer element is shown in
Figure 15. The conductive pyramid is electrically coupled to the con- Figure 7. Swept signal analysis setup.
ductive coilform for coil 1. The coil of conductive wire surrounded by
dielectric insulation is coupled to the coilform, mainly by capacitive
coupling between the coilform and the individual windings of wire
around it, separated by the thickness of the dielectric. Another important factor in the modeling is the coil inter-winding capacitance, determined by the average wire diameter and distance between conductive
turns. Likewise, the coil resistance is the total resistance of the wound
coil, but it interacts with the coil-to-core incremental capacitance and
the inter-winding capacitance.
Although the coil is a continuous system, and an exact model would
be represented by a complex integral calculus expression, a simpler
"discrete" model can be created by treating the entire coil as a series of
single-turn coils, each with its own resistance, per-turn inductance,
inter-winding capacitance, and coil-to-core capacitance. The coil is
then represented as a series connected set of single-turn elements.
The entire coil-core-resonance system (represented in Figure 6) indi- Figure 8. Swept signal analysis of coil resonances and enercates the total interwinding capacitance, as well as the total coil-to-core gy transfer.
capacitance and the total inductance. An external resonance capacitor
(a discrete external component) is connected across the coil to provide
a resonant frequency determined by the cumulative combination of
components affecting the coil properties of inductance, resistance,
interwinding capacitance, coil-to-core capacitance, and external capacitance. This provides the basis for calculating the expected performance
characteristics of the coil system, comparing it with experimental
results, and supporting further optimization of the entire system. This
research is ongoing in our laboratory.

Discussion
This study demonstrates a novel approach to tap atmospheric electrostatic energy. One intriguing aspect is the shape effect, i.e., the observation that a pyramid-shaped antenna may be optimal for capturing
atmospheric ESD impulses.13 This observation is supported by the surFigure 9. Differential measurement on coil 2.

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Figure 10. Differential measurement on coil 2 with one lead of
coil 1 output connected to the pyramid body.

prising result of our analysis of the dimensional ratios of the
Great Pyramid of Giza, which raises the possibility that its
builders were trying to construct a structure that could act as
a wideband antenna. This possibility has subsequently been
confirmed by measuring the spectral response of a pyramidal antenna modeled on the GPG. Our results also provide
an explanation of the inexplicable electromagnetic phenomena observed under scaled-down replicas of the GPG.12
As vertical atmospheric potential follows a diurnal and seasonal cycle, this explains the variable results reported.
Further analysis of this phenomenon will likely advance our
understanding of the physical bases of electromagnetism.18
ESD impulses are converted into periodic, exponentially
decaying sinusoidal wave trains by a novel lumped-element
resonant circuit, comprising an insulated coil wound on a
conductive cylindrical substrate that is electrically coupled
to the pyramid body and is parallel to a resonance capacitor.
Connecting one lead of coil 1 to the pyramid body increases energy transfer as the charge accumulation element (pyramid) resonates at the frequency of the LEC. This can have a
significant bearing on the ability of the system to attract electrostatic energy. With optimization of the coil system, power
transfer efficiencies should be in excess of 90%, as RF transformer design is a well-established field of RF engineering.
Estimating the electric power of thunderstorms that typi-

Figure 12. Measurement of resonance coupling with the
redesigned coilform.

Figure 11. Swept signal analysis of coil resonances and energy transfer with the modified coil form.

cally maintain a steady-state electrical structure during their
lifespan--despite charge losses to lightning, corona discharges, precipitation, and turbulence--is difficult.4 In fact,
precipitation current carries only a portion of the charges
present inside the thundercloud. The actual magnitude of
electric power generated by thunderstorm activity may
exceed global power generator capacity by as much as three
orders of magnitude. The geographical concentration of terrestrial thunderstorm activity would facilitate efforts to tap
into this large pool of atmospheric energy.
We also propose that the generation of electricity would
be commercially practical even in the absence of thunderstorm generators. Holtzworth reported that a large fraction
of the ground-ionospheric potential difference of 450 kV can
be bridged at a low altitude of 1500 m;19 at this elevation he
measured a short circuit current of 30-50 uA20 using a short
wire mesh charge collector. As the charge-accumulating
capacity of the pyramid is directly proportional to its surface
area, a sufficiently large pyramid could potentially generate
megawatts of power even under fair weather conditions.
This activity would be facilitated by an observation reported
from Russia.
Radar testing of the space over a 44 m tall fiberglass pyramid located near Moscow21 revealed a large ionized column
of air over the area of the vertical axis of the pyramid. The

Figure 13. Decaying sinusoidal waveforms generated in coil 1
and coil 2 by asymmetrical square-wave pulsing.

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column had a width of about 500 m and reached an altitude
of 2 km. It is remarkable that this effect was induced by a
nonconductive pyramidal surface, demonstrating a significant degree of atmospheric ionization even under fair
weather conditions. Thus, a suitably sized pyramid may
open a low impedance path to higher elevations of relatively conductive atmospheric domains.
This effect would likely be amplified by coupling the first
resonant circuit to the charge accumulation element pyramid body. Thus, its RF output, by enhancing the attraction of
charges to the pyramidal electric transducer by a similar ionization of the atmosphere, could reach a matter of miles into
the troposphere with a full-scale power generator pyramid.
The Russian study also noted a reduction in the frequency of lightning in the vicinity of the pyramid. This is easy to
interpret in the context of our observations. As electrification of thunderclouds drive severe weather including lightning phenomena, depleting charges from thunderclouds
would reduce both lightning activity as well as atmospheric
turbulence. With the increasing frequency of hurricanes and
other severe weather phenomena, installation of properly
sized pyramidal electric transducers in hurricane-prone
heavily populated areas could become more than just vehicles of power generation: they could have additional benefits by saving both lives and property.
In conclusion, possibly thousands of terawatts of power
are generated in the troposphere by thunderstorms. A
pyramidal structure, with its optimal geometry and construction, can act as a suitable charge sink, capturing this
electric power and preventing its dissipation.
A power-generator pyramid with an approximately
34,000 m2 base surface area, a height of 100 m, and a conductive surface would provide a far more effective charge
sink than the surrounding ground surface. Charge capture
would be aided by internal resonant circuits to increase operational efficiency under fair weather conditions. Groups of
several pyramidal electric transducers could be placed within specific geographical areas, thus combining their charge
collection capacity.
Global warming caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas
Table 2. Calculation of power transfer efficiency across the system.

Figure 14. Measurement of power transfer across system.

emissions is now driving major environmental changes that
threaten to upset our ecosystem with potentially catastrophic consequences.22,23 Atmospheric electricity is a renewable,
clean energy source that could give humanity an opportunity to begin reversing a dangerous and self-destructive ecological trend, as well as protect important weather-threatened areas from physical harm.

Acknowledgement
I thank Mike Beigel from Beigel Technology Corporation for
his work with the measurements and his participation in
this study. I am also indebted to Mike Beigel and Gregory M.
Vogel for their valuable comments and suggestions on the
manuscript.

References
1. Anderson, R.V. 1977. In Electrical Processes in Atmospheres, H.

Table 3. Calculation of power transfer efficiency with VDG driver.

Input power
Math Channel
0.965V RMS; R = 10?
Frame time: 4 usec

Input power
Math Channel
6.72V RMS; R = 10?
Frame time: 100 usec

I = 0.965/10 = 9.65x10-2A
P = VxI = 0.965x 9.65x10-2 = 9.312x10-2W

I = 6.72/10 = 0.672A
P = VxI = 6.72x0.672 = 4.515W

Output power
Channel 2 (Coil 2 output)
26.4V RMS; R = 100k?
Frame time: 4 usec

Output power
Channel 2 (Coil 2 output)
70.9V RMS; R = 100k?
Frame time: 20 usec

I = 26.4V/100k? = 2.64x10-5A
P = VxI = 26.4x2.64x10-5
= 6.969x10-4W

I = 70.9V/100k? = 7.09x10-5A
P = VxI = 70.9x7.09x10-5 =
5.026x10-3Wx5 = 2.513x10-2W

Efficiency (E%)
E = 6.969x10 -4/9.312x10-2 =
0.7483x10-2x100=0.74%

Efficiency (E%)
E = 2.513x10 -2/4.515=
0.556x10-2x100=0.55%

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Figure 15. Elements for incremental model of coils and coil
form.

Holezalek and R. Reiter, eds., Steinkopff, Darmstadt, pp. 87-99.
2. Feynman, R.P. 1964. Lectures on Physics, Addison Wesley, Inc., Palo
Alto, California, Vol. 2, Chapter 9.
3. Roble, R.G. and Tzur, I. 1986. In The Earth's Electrical Environment:
Studies in Geophysics, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.,
pp. 206-231.
4. Bateman, M.G., Rust, W.D., Smull, B.F., and Marshall, T.C. 1995.
"Precipitation Charge and Size Measurements in the Stratiform
Region of Two Mesoscale Convective Systems," J. Geophys. Res., 100,
D8, 16341-16356.
5.
Miller, T.L. Global lightning activity, online at
http://www.ghcc.msfc.nasa.gov/rotating/otd_oval_full.html.
6. Marshall, T.C. and Stolzenburg, M. 2001. "Voltages Inside and Just
Above Thunderstorms," J. Geophys. Res., 106, 4757-4768.
7. Christian, H., Holmes, C.R., Bullock, J.W., Gaskell, W.,
Illingworth, A.J., and Latham, J. 1980. "Airborne and Ground Based
Studies of Thunderstorms in the Vicinity of Langmuir Laboratory,"
Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 106, 159-175.
8. Marshall, T.C. and Winn, W.P. 1982. "Measurements of Charged
Precipitation in a New Mexico Thunderstorm: Lower Positive
Charge Centers," J. Geophys. Res., 87, 7141-7157.
9. Krumm, H.C. 1962. "Der weltzeitliche Tagesgang der
Gewitterhaufigkeit," Z. Geophys., 28, 85-104.
10. Anthes, R.A., Panofsky, H.A., Cahir, J., and Rango, A. 1978. The
Atmosphere, 2nd ed., Charles E. Merrill, Columbus, Ohio, pp. 442.
11. World Total Electricity Installed Capacity, January 1, 1980January 1, 2003, Energy Information Administration,
http://www.eia.doe.gov/iea/elec.html.
12. http://www.freeweb.hu/piramisfesztival/piramisadatok.htm
13. Grandics, P. 2000. "A Method to Capture Atmospheric
Electrostatic Energy," Proceedings of IEJ-ESA Joint Symposium on
Electrostatics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 355-361.
14. Pao, H.-Y. and Poggio, A.J. 1999. "Design of a TEM Waveguide
for Ultra-wideband Applications," Proc. 1999 IEEE APs Int. Symp., 3,
pp. 1574-1577.
15. Grandics, P. 2006. "A DC to RF Converter for the Capture of
Atmospheric Electrostatic Energy," Proceedings of the 5th Conference of
the Societe Francaise D'Electrostatique, Grenoble, France pp. 279-284.
16. http://www.aiwaz.net/modules.php?name=News & file=article & sid=6
17. Krehbiel, P.R. 1986. In The Earth's Electrical Environment: Studies
in Geophysics, National Academy Press, Washington D.C., pp. 206231.
18. Grandics, P. 2007. "The Genesis of Fundamental Forces Acting at
a Distance," Infinite Energy, 12, 71, 13-24.
19. Holtzworth, R. 1981. "Direct Measurement of Lower
Atmospheric Vertical Potential Differences," Geophys. Res. Letters, 8,
783-786.
20. Holtzworth, R. Personal communication.
21. http://www.pyramidoflife.com/eng/tests_experiments.html
22. Kerr, R.A. 1999. "Will the Arctic Ocean Lose All Its Ice?" Science,
286, pp. 1828.
23. Laxon, S., Peacock, N., and Smith, D. 2003. "High Interannual
Variability of Sea Ice Thickness in the Arctic Region," Nature, 425,
pp. 947-950.

About the Author
Peter Grandics has an MS in chemical engineering and a
Ph.D. in biochemical engineering. He has worked in the
fields of biomedical research and recently in physics focusing on new energy technologies. He intends to help find
answers to our current global energy challenges.
*P.O. Box 130912, Carlsbad, CA 92013
E-mail: pgrandics@earthlink.net
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tripiramidka.rar > pyramid.pdf

This is a translation into English, of the German commentary of the Pyramid video,
made by Marcus Wagner, to whom we are most grateful.
0:00

Hello. My name is Flavio Thomas, I am from Austria and today I want to show you a very special
and rather revolutionary invention. My intention is to prove that this technology which I will show
you now was probably in use several thousand years ago, so sit down and fasten your seatbelts.

0:31

Today I want to show you a new kind of energy, even though it may seem unbelievable at first. This
practical and usable energy is available again today after a gap of thousands of years.

0:54

I must mention that there is indeed the possibility that this technology was used by our early
ancestors. But time will tell when the experts give their verdict on this.

1:13

The theory is very simple and yet not that easy to understand fully. You see in front of you a
pyramid made of metal. Firstly, neither the size of the pyramid nor the angle of its sides is in any
way critical. I know this for a fact because I have constructed several pyramids of different sizes
and angles and I can confirm that the size does not play a big role. However, there is one essential
and critical item, which is that it is vital that the pick-up transducer and any associated components
be placed exactly in the center of the pyramid, that is, at the focal point of the pyramid.

1:55

Maybe you remember the story where some decades ago, small pyramids were used to sharpen
razor blades placed inside them. Also, some scientists found that you can preserve food placed
inside a pyramid, in roughly the same way as freeze-dryiing the food. But even to this day, it is not
clear what force or energy is involved when a razor blade becomes sharper when placed inside a
pyramid.

2:30

This Phenomenon has fascinated me for several years.
I have been searching for a way to
transform this unknown energy, which definitely comes from the pyramid, into a convenient usable
form.

2:46

The priciple of operation is very easy to understand. At the focal point of this pyramid, actually,
slightly displaced from the focus, (I cannot explain clearly how this displacement is determined), I
have mounted a capacitor, made of copper-plates. Let us discuss the construction materials:

3:10

The first two pyramids which I built, were of very simple construction. I tried to use only materials
which have been available for the last 3,000 or 4,000 years. This idea caused major problems.

3:30

You see here my pyramid design Version 4. This pyramid is constructed using currently available
materials. So in this construction there are one or two steel bolts, and acrylic plastic is used as an
insulator rather than tar. The frame supporting the sensor is made from copper pipe, which in my
experience is the most effective material for this construction.

4:02

I will now explain the constructional details. But first let us have a look inside the pyramid, so that I
can explain better...

4:17

Inside the Pyramid there is a " converter " . This converter is made of the capacitor-plate in the middle
and its supporting frame. The supporting frame is only there to hold the component in place. (Note
from Marcus: This is not strictly true. The support also performs bio-electrical stabilisation, and not
just there to hold the sensor in place! So pay special attention to this part!)

4:38

In the left area there is a small magnet...

4:44

(points to magnet), which works as an " emitter " . This magnet causes the initial oscillation, which
is essential for the system to work. Whithout this magnet, the system will not work. I will
demonstrate this fact shortly.

5:00

The little standard " consumer electronics " load being used here is very interesting and I will show it
to you more closely.

5:08

This little electrical load is there for one purpose and one purpose only: namely to run on the energy
from the pyramid and demonstrate that a standard electrical device can run on this energy. Another
important thing which is also demonstrated is that the energy coming from the pyramid is not used
up but is continously refreshed.

5:20

What you see here is a small standard PC cooling fan with a rating of 12V and a maximum current
requirement of 1.1 Amps.

5:28

At this point in time, this fan has been running continuously for more than 30 days without running
out of energy as the energy is continously refreshed.

5:50
We have here, something which must be investigated further. It is something which our present day
standard science just will not accept. You have now seen the most important details of the system. The
pyramid supplies 8.4V. The fan is taking 0.8 amps, and in addition, it produces an additional 0.05 amps of
excess current.

6:23
This multimeter is not calibrated to a high degree of accuracy but it is easily accurate enough for this
purpose, especially since the results agree with my other data.
6:48

On the left corner of the pyramid you see some marks on the floor.

6:58

This " scale " is very interesting and it is one of those things which I do not fully understand even to
this day.

7:07
We discovered that when we aligned the pyramid in the exact North-South compass orientation,
referencing the magnetic North pole, there were fluctuations in the voltage and current produced by the
pyramid.
7:22

These fluctuations occured daily in periods of about 8 or 9 hours, and they reduced the power output
by somewhere between 5% and 8%.

7:32

By rotating the pyramid slightly, taking it to the outer lines marked on the floor, that is, a bit to the left,
it was found that the fluctuations stopped occuring.

7:48

It is only when the pyramid is aligned accurately in the North-South direction that it produces
significant power. We really do not yet understand why this is. There are so many other things to do
with this technology which we do not understand. (Note from Marcus: This orientation of the
pyramid is a very important point)

8:08

I want to show you on the oscilloscope that, especially in the higher frequencies, we have a totally
pure DC, without any of the inteference you get when using an ordinary transformer.

8:23

But rather oddly, the DC we get here sometimes does indeed have an AC component superimposed
on it. This is another thing which we do not understand. If we wait a moment and we are lucky, I
may be able to show you such a moment.

9:10

(Turning to the pyramid again). A very interesting effect is produced if we remove the "emmiter"
magnet from the system. The moment we do this, the fan which the pyramid is powering stops.

9:58

When we replace the magnet, (you hear the sound already) the motor runs again.

10:18 The strength of the magnet has never decreased. This means the power being produced is not
coming from the magnet itself. This is something which other people find very difficult to accept.
(Note from Marcus: This is also a very important point)

10:35

(Shows setup).

11:11

(Closup of emitter and " stabiliser frame " ).
(Note from Marcus: pay special attention to the wires around the copper pipes)

11:54

(Note special wiring)

12:17

(End of video)

Have fun with this Translation of the speech about Biopower Pyramid,
translated by Marcus Wagner.. If you find any mistakes and spellings, you
can keep 'em ;cP
Greets,
Marcus