PAM8403.pdf

Wzmacniacz audio PAM8403 - jak przerobić stereo na mono?

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A Product Line of
Diodes Incorporated

PAM8403
FILTERLESS 3W CLASS-D STEREO AUDIO AMPLIFIER

Description

Pin Assignments

The PAM8403 is a 3W, class-D audio amplifier. It offers low THD+N,
allowing it to achieve high-quality sound reproduction. The new
filterless architecture allows the device to drive the speaker directly,
requiring no low-pass output filters, thus saving system cost and PCB
area.
With the same numbers of external components, the efficiency of the
PAM8403 is much better than that of Class-AB cousins. It can extend
the battery life, which makes it well-suited for portable applications.
The PAM8403 is available in SOP-16 package.

Features
?

3W Output at 10% THD with a 4Ohm Load and 5V Power Supply

?

Filterless, Low Quiescent Current and Low EMI

?

Low THD+N

?

Superior Low Noise

?

Efficiency up to 90%

Applications

?

Short Circuit Protection

?

Thermal Shutdown

?

LCD Monitors / TV Projectors

?

Few External Components to Save the Space and Cost

?

Notebook Computers

?

Pb-Free Package

?

Portable Speakers

?

Portable DVD Players, Game Machines

?

Cellular Phones/Speaker Phones

Typical Applications Circuit

PAM8403
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PAM8403

Pin Descriptions
Pin
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Pin
Name
+OUT_L
PGND
-OUT_L
PVDD
MUTE
VDD
INL
VREF
NC
INR
GND
SHND
PVDD
-OUT_R
PGND
+OUT_R

Function
Left Channel Positive Output
Power GND
Left Channel Negative Output
Power VDD
Mute Control Input (active low)
Analog VDD
Left Channel Input
Internal analog reference, connect a bypass capacitor from VREF to GND.
No Connact
Right Channel Input
Analog GND
Shutdown Control Input (active low)
Power VDD
Right Channel Negative Output
Power GND
Right Channel Positive Output

Functional Block Diagram

PAM8403
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Absolute Maximum Ratings (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
These are stress ratings only and functional operation is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum ratings for prolonged time periods may
affect device reliability. All voltages are with respect to ground.
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Input Voltage
Operation Temperature Range
Maximum Junction Temperature
Operation Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature
Soldering Temperature

Rating
6.0

Unit
V

-0.3 to VDD +0.3V
-40 to +85
150
-40 to +125
-65 to +150
300, 5 sec

°C

Recommended Operating Conditions (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter
Supply Voltage Range
Operation Temperature Range
Junction Temperature Range

Rating
2.5 to 5.5
-40 to +85
-40 to +125

Unit
V
°C
°C

Thermal Information
Parameter

Package

Symbol

Max

Thermal Resistance (Junction to Ambient)

SOP-16

?JA

110

Thermal Resistance (Junction to Case)

SOP-16

?JC

23

PAM8403
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Unit
°C/W

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PAM8403

Electrical Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, VDD = 5V, Gain = 24dB, RL = 8Ohm, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
VDD

Parameter

Test Conditions

Min

Supply Voltage

Typ

VDD = 5.0V
VDD = 3.6V

1.3
2.5

THD+N = 10%, f = 1KHz, RL = 8Ohm

1.8

VDD = 3.6V

0.9
0.6

VDD = 5.0V

VDD = 5.0V, PO = 1W, RL = 8Ohm
THD+N

Total Harmonic Distortion Plus
Noise

VDD = 3.6V, PO = 0.1W, RL = 8Ohm
VDD = 5.0V, PO = 0.5W, RL = 4Ohm
VDD = 3.6V, PO = 0.2W, RL = 4Ohm

GV
PSRR
CS
SNR

Closed Loop Gain

0.72
0.45

0.15

%

0.11
24

dB

-59
-58

dB

-95

VDD = 3V to 5V

dB

Power Supply Ripple Rejection

VDD = 5.0V, Inputs AC-Grounded
with CIN = 0.47uF

f = 100Hz
f = 1kHz

Crosstalk

VDD = 5.0V, PO = 0.5W, RL = 8Ohm,
GV = 20db

f = 1kHz

Signal-to-Noise Ratio

VDD = 5.0V, VORMS = 1V, GV = 20db

f = 1kHz

80

dB

100
150

uV

90

dB

Output Noise

VDD = 5.0V, Inputs AC-Grounded
with CIN = 0.47uF

Dyn

Dynamic Range

VDD = 5.0V, THD = 1%

f = 1kHz

?

Efficiency

IQ

Quiescent Current

RL = 8Ohm, THD = 10%
RL = 4Ohm, THD = 10%

87

f = 1kHz

%

83
16

VDD = 5.0V
No Load

VDD = 3.6V

mA

10
8

VDD = 3.0V

RDS(ON)

%

0.11

f = 1kHz

VN

ISD

W

0.15

f = 1kHz

No A-Weighting
A-Weighting

IMUTE

W

1.4

VDD = 3.6V
VDD = 3.2V

THD+N = 1%, f = 1KHz, RL = 8Ohm

W

1.3

VDD = 5.0V

Output Power

W

0.85

VDD = 3.2V

PO

VDD = 3.6V
VDD = 3.2V

THD+N = 1%, f = 1KHz, RL = 4Ohm

V

1.6

VDD = 5.0V

Units

3.2

VDD = 3.2V

THD+N = 10%, f = 1KHz, RL = 4Ohm

Max
5.5

2.5

Muting Current

VDD = 5.0V

VMUTE = 0.3V

3.5

mA

Shutdown Current

VDD = 2.5V to 5.5V

VSD = 0.3V
PMOS
NMOS

& lt; 1

uA

180
140

mOhm

Static Drain-to-Source
On-State Resistor

IDS = 500mA, VGS = 5V

fSW

Switching Frequency

VDD = 3.0V to 5.0V

260

kHz

VOS

Output Offset Voltage

VIN = 0V, VDD = 5.0V

10

mV

VIH

Enable Input High Voltage

VDD = 5.0V

VIL

Enable Input Low Voltage

VDD = 5.0V

VIH

MUTE Input High Voltage

VDD = 5.0V

VIL
OTP
OTH

MUTE Input Low Voltage

VDD = 5.0V

Over Temperature Protection
Over Temperature Hysterisis

No Load, Junction Temperature

PAM8403
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1.5

1.4
0.7

1.5

1.4
0.7

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VDD = 5.0V

0.4

140
30

0.4

V
V
V
V

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PAM8403

Typical Performance Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)

PAM8403
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Typical Performance Characteristics (cont.) (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)

PAM8403
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Application Information
Application Note
1. When the PAM8403 works with LC filters, it should be connected with the speaker before it's powered on, otherwise it will be damaged easily.
2. When the PAM8403 works without LC filters, it's better to add a ferrite chip bead at the outgoing line of speaker for suppressing the possible
electromagnetic interference.
3. The recommended operating voltage is 5.5V. When the PAM8403 is powered with four battery cells, it should be noted that the voltage of four
new dry or alkaline batteries is over 6.0V, higher than its operation voltage, which will probably damage the device. Therefore, it's
recommended to use either four Ni-MH (Nickel Metal Hydride) rechargeable batteries or 3 dry or alkaline batteries.
4. One should not make the input signal too large. Large signal can cause the clipping of output signal when increasing the volume. This will
damage the device because of big gain of the PAM8403.
5. When testing the PAM8403 without LC filters by using resistor instead of speaker as the output load, the test results, e.g. THD or efficiency,
will be worse than those of using speaker as load.

Test Setup for Performance Testing

Notes:

1. The AP AUX-0025 low pass filter is necessary for class-D amplifier measurement with AP analyzer.
2. Two 22?H inductors are used in series with load resistor to emulate the small speaker for efficiency measurement.

Maximum Gain
As shown in block diagram (Page 2), the PAM8403 has two internal amplifier stages. The first stage's gain is externally configurable, while the
second stage's is internally fixed. The closed-loop gain of the first stage is set by selecting the ratio of RF to RI while the second stage's gain is
fixed at 2x.The output of amplifier 1 serves as the input to amplifier 2, thus the two amplifiers produce signals identical in magnitude, but different
in phase by 180°. Consequently, the differential gain for the IC is
AVD = 20*log [2*(RF/RI)]
The PAM8403 sets maximum RF =142kOhm, minimum R =18kOhm, so the maximum closed-gain is 24dB.

Mute Operation
The MUTE pin is an input for controlling the output state of the PAM8403. A logic low on this pin disables the outputs, and a logic high on this pin
enables the outputs. This pin may be used as a quick disable or enable of the outputs without a volume fade. Quiescent current is listed in the
electrical characteristic table. The MUTE pin can be left floating due to the internal pull-up.

Shutdown Operation
In order to reduce power consumption while not in use, the PAM8403 contains shutdown circuitry to turn off the amplifier's bias circuitry. This
shutdown feature turns the amplifier off when logic low is applied to the SHDN pin. By switching the SHDN pin connected to GND, the PAM8403
supply current draw will be minimized in idle mode. The SHDN pin can be left floating due to the internal pull-up.

PAM8403
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Application Information (cont.)
Power Supply Decoupling
The PAM8403 is a high performance CMOS audio amplifier that requires adequate power supply decoupling to ensure the output THD and
PSRR as low as possible. Power supply decoupling affects low frequency response. Optimum decoupling is achieved by using two capacitors of
different types targeting to different types of noise on the power supply leads. For higher frequency transients, spikes, or digital hash on the line,
a good low equivalent-seriesresistance (ESR) ceramic capacitor, typically 1.0?F, works best, placing it as close as possible to the device VDD
terminal. For filtering lower frequency noise signals, a large capacitor of 20?F (ceramic) or greater is recommended, placing it near the audio
power amplifier.

Input Capacitor (CI)
Large input capacitors are both expensive and space hungry for portable designs. Clearly, a certain sized capacitor is needed to couple in low
frequencies without severe attenuation. But in many cases the speakers used in portable systems, whether internal or external, have little ability
to reproduce signals below 100Hz to 150Hz. Thus, using a large input capacitor may not increase actual system performance. In this case, input
capacitor (CI) and input resistance (RI) of the amplifier form a high-pass filter with the corner frequency determined by equation below,

fC ?

1
2?R I CI

In addition to system cost and size, click and pop performance is affected by the size of the input coupling capacitor, CI. A larger input coupling
capacitor requires more charge to reach its quiescent DC voltage (nominally 1/2 VDD). This charge comes from the internal circuit via the
feedback and is apt to create pops upon device enable. Thus, by minimizing the capacitor size based on necessary low frequency response,
turn-on pops can be minimized.

Analog Reference Bypass Capacitor (CBYP)
The Analog Reference Bypass Capacitor (CBYP) is the most critical capacitor and serves several important functions. During start-up or recovery
from shutdown mode, CBYP determines the rate at which the amplifier starts up. The second function is to reduce noise caused by the power
supply coupling into the output drive signal. This noise is from the internal analog reference to the amplifier, which appears as degraded PSRR
and THD+N.
A ceramic bypass capacitor (CBYP) with values of 0.47?F to 1.0?F is recommended for the best THD and noise performance. Increasing the
bypass capacitor reduces clicking and popping noise from power on/off and entering and leaving shutdown.

Under Voltage Lock-Out (UVLO)
The PAM8403 incorporates circuitry designed to detect low supply voltage. When the supply voltage drops to 2.0V or below, the PAM8403
outputs are disabled, and the device comes out of this state and starts to normal function when VDD >= 2.2V.
The PAM8403 has short circuit protection circuitry on the outputs to prevent damage to the device when output-to-output or output-to-GND short
occurs. When a short circuit is detected on the outputs, the outputs are disabled immediately. If the short was removed, the device activates
again.

Over Temperature Protection
Thermal protection on the PAM8403 prevents the device from damage when the internal die temperature exceeds +140°C. There is a 15 degree
tolerance on this trip point from device to device. Once the die temperature exceeds the thermal set point, the device outputs are disabled. This
is not a latched fault. The thermal fault is cleared once the temperature of the die is reduced by 30°C. This large hysteresis will prevent motor
boating sound well and the device begins normal operation at this point without external system intervention.

PAM8403
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Application Information (cont.)
How to reduce EMI (Electro Magnetic Interference)
A simple solution is to put an additional capacitor 1000uF at power supply terminal for power line coupling if the traces from amplifier to speakers
are short ( & lt; 20cm).
Most applications require a ferrite bead filter as shown in Figure 2. The ferrite filter reduces EMI of around 1 MHz and higher. When selecting a
ferrite bead, choose one with high impedance at high frequencies, and low impedance at low frequencies.

Figure 2: Ferrite Bead Filter to Reduce EMI

Ordering Information

Part Number
PAM8403DR

Part Marking
PAM8403
XATYWWLL

Package Type

Standard Package

SOP-16

2500 Units/Tape & Reel

Marking Information

PAM8403
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Package Outline Dimensions (All dimensions in mm.)
SOP-16

PAM8403
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